Urban air pollution is one of major risks to human health and global climate. There is an urgent need for actions aiming at changing urban, mobility habits towards more sustainable patterns. While private cars account for less than one-third of trips in cities worldwide, they are responsible for 73 percent of urban air pollutants.
Per capita, private cars generate three times more greenhouse gas emissions than public transport systems like buses (WRI 2015). At the same time World Health Organization (WHO) alarms that more than 80% of people living in urban areas that monitor air pollution are exposed to air quality levels that exceed the WHO limits, in consequence 4.2 million deaths every year are a result of exposure to ambient (outdoor) air pollution whereas (WHO 2018).
“The total area covered by world cities is set to triple in the next 40 years. If the current inefficient urban development patterns continue, cities will endanger human health and well-being by: i) threatening the food supplies, sprawling towards the important resources of farmlands; ii) hindering water security with high demand and outdated infrastructure; iii) increasing greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions, leading to overpassing the established 2°C average global temperature warming limit and possibly reaching up to an 4°C increase; iv) contaminating air with heating and transport based pollution; v) hampering economic development” (adelphi 2018).
The main paths for achieving urban sprawl as well as the private-car dependency reductions, are efficient land-use (better urban planning) and the sustainable, energy efficient mobility. Module 2- Lively cities, lively districts is designed in cooperation with the lead urban planners and mobility experts from Poland and Germany. With a set of inspiring case studies, useful tools and interactive education methods the Module will present approaches supporting behavioural change among citizens and their mobility patterns, in the context of revitalisation.
- To introduce the concept of urban sprawl and tools enabling mitigation of the challenge through efficient land use based on the concept of compact, connected cities and districts
- Showcase examples of good practices of energy efficient revitalization introduced on a district level in Germany based on the 432 Programme, delivering GHG emissions reductions along with socio-economic benefits to the community.
- Explain how to use urban planning within the revitalized area and tools such as transect for a better land-use, reduction of the car dependency, and creation of vibrant and healthy communities.
- Present which new technologies and solutions could be implemented on a district level, in the context of revitalization to promote public transportation (inter-modality, multi-modality, electro-mobility), as well as walkability and biking as a mean of transportation